Thomas Gray’s Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard, first published in 1751, is one of the most widely-quoted poems of the 18th century. It is a meditation on the inevitability of death; the vanity of ambition and the universal human desire to be loved. In particular the poem looks at death as a leveller, an indiscriminate force which makes no distinction between the famous on the one hand and, on the other, the anonymous – those who, in the words of the poem:
Far from the madding crowd’s ignoble strife
Their sober wishes never learn’d to stray
This copy of the poem is in Gray’s own hand and was included with a letter he sent to a friend, Thomas Wharton.
The grave remains central to Hardy's novel. When Fanny Robin dies Sergeant Troy shows his devotion to her, which runs far deeper than his love for Bathsheba, by his lavish expenditure on a marble tombstone for her grave. His impetuous tending of the grave borders on the obsessive and yet it lacks any sense of practical planning. The grave is badly damaged by heavy rain when water spews from the mouth of a gargoyle on the church roof and cascades onto the site where Fanny lies buried. It is Gabriel Oak who makes the necessary repairs and thus ensures the grave survives. Troy is ultimately reunited with Fanny when, following his own death, he is interred by her side.