This briefing provides evidence about the nature and extent of the gender pay gap in the United Kingdom, and how it has changed over recent years. Worryingly, in 2013 the gender pay gap widened for the first time in five years, rising by 0.9 per cent from 14.8 per cent in 2012 to 15.7 percent for full time employees. This means that a woman working full-time now earns, on average, £5,000 less a year than a man. When part-time workers are included, the pay gap is 19.1 per cent, having risen from 18.6 per cent in 2012. So, for every £1 a man earns, a woman earns 81p.
The paper examines the nature of the gender pay gap; why it exists; why it got bigger in 2013; and what employers, trades unions and policymakers might do to address it and its underlying causes.