Transforming youth custody

Document type
Impact Assessment
Corporate author(s)
Great Britain. Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Justice
Date of publication
17 January 2014
Criminal Justice Services, Legislation
Social welfare
Material type

Download (221KB )

This Impact Assessment (IA) accompanies the Criminal Justice and Courts Bill (‘the Bill’).

Estimates, from the National Audit Office, suggest that just 5% of young offenders are responsible for nearly a third of all proven offences committed by under-18s. Also: 86% of young men in Young Offender Institutions have been excluded from school at some point, and over half of 15-17 year olds in YOIs have the literacy or numeracy level expected of a 7-11 year old; and the average cost of a place in youth custody is around £100,000 per annum. Without intervention the current high levels of re-offending, inconsistent education provision, and high cost of youth custody are thought likely to continue.

This impact assessment considers the following options: option 0 - do nothing/minimum – continuing with the current model of youth custodial provision; and option 1 - make the following reforms to the youth custodial estate: secure colleges - replace existing inefficient and ineffective custodial provision with a new purpose built pathfinder Secure College in the East Midlands; improving existing youth custodial provision - increasing the quantity and quality of education delivered in YOIs, alongside other reforms to the leadership, staffing and regime in YOIs and clarifying responsibilities for the commissioning of education in youth custody; and resettlement - improving the policies and processes in place to manage young offenders’ transition from custody back into the community.