Triple helix going abroad? The case of Danish experiences in China

Triple helix going abroad? The case of Danish experiences in China
Document type
Sørensen, Olav Jull; Hu, Yimei
Date of publication
1 July 2014
European Journal of Innovation Management. Vol. 17; Number 3
Trends: economic, social and technology trends affecting business
Business and management
Material type

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The purpose of this paper is to conceptualize and make sense of the internationalization of the triple helix (TH) model. As this study is exploitative in nature, an inductive approach is adopted in data collection and data analysis. The Danish TH's experiences in China are used as empirical evidences. Primary data are collected from in-depth interviews and discussions, filed observations, and personal experiences. Secondary data such as the government policies and documents, companies’ annual reports, and reliable web sites are also included. The paper conceptualizes the internationalization of the TH into three stages: pioneering stage, exploration stage, and integration stage. In the pioneering stage, the authors see the establishment of each of the three helix spheres abroad, i.e. internationalization of companies, universities and governments; in the exploration stage, the three spheres start to interact abroad and collaborate with their counterparts in the host country; in the integration stage, helix to helix collaboration is emerging.

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