This 1917 report is based on inspections of British Prisoner of War Camps in Egypt containing Turkish prisoners. It offers a snapshot of life as a Prisoner of War from the neutral perspective of the Red Cross. Despite this the Germans felt that the inspections of north African camps in 1915 did not represent the true conditions in these camps.

Since 1860 the International Committee of the Red Cross has been involved in coordinating and offering protection victims of armed conflict. From the end of 1914 their remit included the inspection of Prisoner of War camps. The International Prisoner of War Agency was established by the end of 1914 to ensure the protection of Prisoners of War.