The Buddha of Suburbia’s main protagonist is a bisexual British Asian youth called Karim Amir, who describes himself in the opening lines as ‘an Englishman born and bred, almost, a new breed as it were, having emerged from two old histories’. The location is largely multicultural London in the 1970s, though some chapters are set in New York. The novel falls into the literary tradition of the bildungsroman in that it explores the personal development of its protagonist, in this case in relation to issues of ethnic, cultural and sexual identity.
The Buddha of Suburbia won the Whitbread First Novel Award, and in 1993 the BBC commissioned its adaptation as a television series.
The novel’s original title, ‘Streets of The Heart’, can be found written in pencil on the cover page of this manuscript. The revision reveals that ‘Streets of My Heart’ was also considered. At the bottom of the page Kureishi has noted, ‘Started 27.XII.87’ (although his diaries reveal that he had been gathering material and ideas for the work since he was a teenager).
Kureishi used the title ‘The Buddha of Suburbia’ in February 1987 for a short story that was published in the London Review of Books and resembles the novel’s first chapter.
Revisions in the first draft
Shown here is Chapter One, in which Karim and his father, Haroon, attend one of Eva Kay’s ‘spiritual’ parties, where Karim witnesses his father’s affair, smokes a joint for the first time, listens to Pink Floyd, and sexually experiments with his school-friend, Charlie, who he is in a kind-of-love with. As summarised in a pencil addition at the end of the chapter: ‘I’d glimpsed something, a certain world, that I wanted to see more of’. In this draft, Eva Kay is interchangeably named Cheryl, Ann and Eva, and Charlie is named Paul.
The draft is largely typewritten, with Kureishi’s handwritten revisions and additions made in pen and pencil throughout. Some later passages have been sellotaped onto the sheets. There are subtle, but revealing differences. Charlie, for instance, calls Eva ‘mum’, whereas in the published novel he coolly uses her first name. One line, in particular, shows Kureishi honing Karim’s teenage voice, full of self-involved drama and exaggeration: ‘It took me a long time ^months to get ready. I changed my entire outfit three times.’
We can see how Kureishi later revised certain details that, although small and mundane, heighten the comedy – and also strengthen the 1970s period setting. For example, the draft phrase, ‘But before we could get out, Cheryl came back in and turned off the lights,’ is finally published as, ‘But before we could get out, Eva came back in and turned off the standard lamp.’ At the Three Tuns pub in Beckenham, ‘It was full of kids dressed like me, both from my school and other schools in the area; most of the boys, so nondescript during the day, were now in [?] velvet and satin, and wild colours’. Kureishi tags on ‘& bed-spreads & curtains’ to end of this description.
Many of Kureishi’s pencil additions build up the novel's many pop culture references. In Charlie’s room, Kureishi inserts the detail that, ‘^There were piles of records & the four Beatles in their Sgt. Pepper period were on a wall like 4 gods.’
- Full title:
- Hanif Kureishi Papers: The Buddha of Suburbia by Hanif Kureishi, first draft: 1987-1988
- Manuscript / Typescript / Draft
- Hanif Kureishi
- Usage terms
© Hanif Kureishi. You may not use the material for commercial purposes. Please credit the copyright holder when reusing this work.
- Held by
- British Library
- Add MS 89091/6/2
- Article by:
- Hanif Kureishi
- Power and conflict, Exploring identity
Hanif Kureishi describes how the MP Enoch Powell made racism the basis of his political position, and recalls the climate of fear Powell's hate-mongering created among people of colour in the 1970s.
- Article by:
- John Mullan
- Art, music and popular culture, Literature 1950–2000
John Mullan considers Hanif Kureishi's The Buddha of Suburbia as a historical novel, and tracks its references to high and low culture.
- Article by:
- Zadie Smith
- Literature 1950–2000, Art, music and popular culture, Capturing and creating the modern, Exploring identity
When Zadie Smith encountered The Buddha of Suburbia as a teenager, she found in its description of multiracial South London suburbs an image of her own experience. Here she remembers her first reading of the novel and describes how, on rereading it as an adult, she continues to appreciate Hanif Kureishi's sense of mischief and his depictions of race and class.