The purpose of this full paper from the Gender in Management track of BAM 2013 is to investigate the state of affairs in the Sultanate of Oman for the presence (or absence) of women in senior and managerial roles in private companies. It conducted a quantitative gender analysis of 122 private and publicly listed companies in Oman. The study investigates where women are located within the organisations (e.g., board members, chief officers, vice presidents, top management, division or unit heads). Women are employed in Oman in small numbers when compared with the number of men, and women are extremely underrepresented in senior roles in Omani organisations currently. It discusses the future opportunities in Oman to progress women’s employment success, particularly in management and leadership. This study increases the academic knowledge on international issues in gender and management because of its focus on a country within the Gulf Cooperation Council, and the wider Middle East and North Africa region.