Wainfleet hoard


This hoard of silver coins, deposited between 1194 and 1205, was discovered in a field in Wainfleet, Lincolnshire, in 1990. The hoard, consisting of 380 short cross pennies and three halfpennies, was worth £1 11 shillings, 8½ pence. when it was deposited. The coins had been placed in a vessel with a green glaze, typical of the products made at Stamford in the 12th and 13th centuries. King John’s short cross pennies were identical in design to those issued by his father, Henry II (r. 1154–89), and brother, Richard I (r. 1189–99), even retaining the inscription ‘HENRICUS REX’. They were minted across England, from Canterbury and Exeter to Carlisle and York: most of the pennies in this hoard were minted in London. Much of Magna Carta deals with the payment of debts and fines, some of which would have been paid in coinage such as this.

Full title:
Wainfleet hoard
12th century
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The British Museum

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