This report seeks to contribute to thinking regarding local government’s key role in promoting local employment growth, managing welfare reform and, critically, helping to successfully deliver and add value to the Work Programme. Understanding and applying the most appropriate combination of approaches for an area will be a powerful tool for addressing worklessness at a local level. This is now timelier, given the announcement of the successful bidders for the Work Programme Contract Package Areas by government. This paper seeks to capture a summary of the breadth of reform and policy change between May 2011 and April 2011. The aim is to create a frame for the new landscape, with a picture of the new operating landscape still to be painted.