The Geography of Ptolemy, with its world map and maps of individual regions, became immensely popular in western Europe once it had been translated from Greek into Latin at the beginning of the 15th century. Many manuscript copies survive and it was first printed (at first without maps) in 1475. This is the world map from the edition published at Rome in 1478. The strange shape of Scotland (top left) is one of the odder features of the Ptolemy maps.