Z-drugs: a review of the evidence of misuse and harm

Document type
Corporate author(s)
Great Britain. Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
Date of publication
5 September 2013
Substance Misuse
Social welfare
Material type

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The Z-drugs comprise of a group of three non-benzodiazepine hypnotics: zaleplon, zolpidem and zopiclone. Zolpidem is the only Z-drug which is controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act and its Regulations (Class C, Schedule 4, Part 1). The ACMD recommends that the other two Z-drugs, zaleplon and zopiclone, are similar in nature to zolpidem and should be controlled in the same manner.