Print of the Taj Mahal from Ziyārāt al-ʿArab


This lithographic print is taken from a slim pamphlet called, in Urdu, 'Ziyarat al-Arab', meaning 'Pilgrimage to Arabia'. It was published at Delhi in 1883. Despite its title, the 22 pictures include Muslim shrines in India as well as Arabia's holy sites at Mecca and Medina. The pamphlet was intended for Indian Muslims about to embark on the annual pilgrimage, the 'Hajj'. The artist omits distracting details, such as the beautiful gardens that surround the tomb, in order to focus attention solely on the Taj Mahal's significance as a Muslim shrine.

Full title:
Ziyārāt al-ʿArab Muḥammad Maḥmūd Ḥasan
1883, Delhi
Print / Illustration / Image
Muhammad Mahmud Hasan
Usage terms
Public Domain
Held by
British Library
ORB 30/6735 (305.31.H.19)

Full catalogue details

Related articles

Islamic pilgrimages and sacred spaces

Article by:
Sophia Arjana
Islam, Pilgrimage, text and place

Hajj is the most well-known pilgrimage in Islam. Here Dr Sophia Arjana discusses its role in the religion, whilst also looking at Shi‘a and regional pilgrimages, sainthood and sacred space in Islam.

Islam introduction

Article by:
The British Library

An overview of articles and British Library resources relating to Islam.

Related collection items