This lithographic print is taken from a slim pamphlet called, in Urdu, 'Ziyarat al-Arab', meaning 'Pilgrimage to Arabia'. It was published at Delhi in 1883. Despite its title, the 22 pictures include Muslim shrines in India as well as Arabia's holy sites at Mecca and Medina. The pamphlet was intended for Indian Muslims about to embark on the annual pilgrimage, the 'Hajj'. The artist omits distracting details, such as the beautiful gardens that surround the tomb, in order to focus attention solely on the Taj Mahal's significance as a Muslim shrine.
- Article by:
- Sophia Arjana
- Islam, Pilgrimage, text and place
Hajj is the most well-known pilgrimage in Islam. Here Dr Sophia Arjana discusses its role in the religion, whilst also looking at Shi‘a and regional pilgrimages, sainthood and sacred space in Islam.