David Livingstone was a Scottish medical missionary and traveller who had spent many years exploring areas of Africa unknown to Europeans. He was the first European to enter many areas in Central and Southern Africa and his travels expanded western knowledge about this part of the world.
In 1866, he set out on an expedition to Central Africa to ‘find’ the source of the Nile. However, in 1871 he abandoned the search as a result of loss of supplies and manpower, as well as ill-health. Throughout much of the expedition he was cut off from the Western world and search missions were sent out to find him. In 1869, Henry Morton Stanley, the special correspondent for the New York Herald, was commissioned by the paper to go find Livingstone. In November 1871, Stanley found the doctor in Ujiji, a village on the shores of Lake Tanganyika in present-day Tanzania. He allegedly greeted him with the famous words: 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'. In 1872, Stanley published his diary of the expedition entitled How I Found Livingstone: travels, adventures, and discoveres in Central Africa, including an account of four months' residence with Dr. Livingstone, shown here.