An Inspector Calls

An Inspector Calls (1945) overview

An Inspector Calls is J B Priestley’s most performed play. It’s set in the household of a prosperous northern manufacturer, Arthur Birling. It’s 1912 and the Birling family are celebrating the engagement of daughter Sheila, when a stranger, who introduces himself as Inspector Goole, shows up at their door. He’s there to question them about the death of a young working-class woman, Eva Smith, who killed herself by drinking disinfectant. As Goole interrogates the family – Birling, his wife Sybil, his son Eric, Sheila and her fiancé Gerald – it comes to light that they have all, to some extent, been responsible for the young woman's decline in circumstances. They may not have killed her, but through action – and inaction – they all played a role in the events that led to her death. Arthur dismissed her from her job at his mill, Sheila contrived to have her fired from her new post in a department store, both Gerald and Eric slept with her and Sybil denied her charity when she came to her in desperation.

After Goole departs, Birling becomes suspicious and calls the chief constable. He discovers that there is no Inspector Goole and there have been no recent suicides. Birling and his wife see this as cause for celebration, but their children are more chastened by the night’s events. The ending twists things further, concluding with a phone call to the Birlings telling them that the police are on their way to talk to them about the death of a young woman in a suspected case of suicide.

An Inspector Calls is scathing in its criticism of middle-class hypocrisy. The play gives voice to Priestley’s strong socialist principles, and carries a clear moral message, stressing the importance of social responsibility: ‘We don’t live alone. We are members of one body. We are responsible for each other’.

Key productions of An Inspector Calls

The play was first performed in Leningrad in 1945, before being produced in the UK in 1946. The role of Inspector Goole was written for Ralph Richardson, who starred in the original London production.

The play fell out of fashion for a while in the latter half of the 20th century. This changed in 1992, with Stephen Daldry’s lauded and award-winning revival for the National Theatre which has itself become iconic thanks to Ian McNeill’s ingenious stage design. Instead of the more familiar Edwardian interior, his set placed a miniature house in a desolate, war-ravaged landscape. Daldry’s production is often credited with generating a renewed interest in Priestley’s work.

Related articles

An Inspector Calls and J B Priestley’s political journey

Article by:
Alison Cullingford
20th-century theatre, Power and conflict, Exploring identity

Alison Cullingford explores how J B Priestley's childhood in Bradford and experiences during two world wars shaped his socialist beliefs and fueled the anger of his play An Inspector Calls, a work that revolves around ideas of social responsibility and guilt.

An introduction to An Inspector Calls

Article by:
Chris Power
20th-century theatre, Power and conflict, Exploring identity

Chris Power introduces An Inspector Calls as a morality play that denounces the hypocrisy and callousness of capitalism and argues that a just society can only be achieved if all individuals feel a sense of social responsibility.

Related collection items

Related people

Related teachers' notes

Teacher notes

Priestley's An Inspector Calls: social responsibility

Develop understanding and examine the theme of social responsibility, and use the medium of drama to present character's views.

PDF Download Available

teacher note image

An Inspector Calls: Discovering Literature resources

This list has been compiled to give you a flavour of what Discovering Literature has to offer on Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls'

PDF Download Available