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  • 17th-century depiction of the Holy Shrine of Mecca

    Illumination Created date: 1500–1699

    The Haram at Mecca with the Kaʻbah in the centre, from a manuscript of Futūḥ al-Ḥaramayn, a poetical description of the...

  • Accusations against Christopher Marlowe by Richard...

    Manuscript Created date: 16th century

    These notorious manuscripts appear to support the idea of Christopher Marlowe as the wild boy of Elizabethan literature....

  • Al-Qazwini’s Wonders of Creation

    Manuscript Created date: 16th century

    An illustrated copy of the 13th-century writer al-Qazwīnī’s ʻAjāʼib al-makhlūqāt (‘Wonders of creation’) produced in the...

  • Anthology of Greek lyric poetry

    Manuscript Created date: 2nd half of the 16th century

    The 15th and 16th centuries saw an outburst of scholarly interest in Greek literature in western Europe. The arrival of...

  • Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae

    Manuscript Created date: 1st quarter of the 16th century

    The 3rd-century CE author Athenaeus is known today for his long work, the Deipnosophistae (‘Dinner Sophists’). This work...

  • Byzantine bookbinding

    Detached binding Created date: 15th century-17th century

    The original binding of Additional 28821, a volume containing Byzantine musical texts, is now kept separately, having de...

  • Catena on the Octateuch

    Manuscript Created date: 2nd quarter of the 16th century-3rd quarter of the 16th century

    The catena, a biblical commentary that proceeds verse by verse, was a popular interpretative tool in the Byzantine world...

  • Devi Mahatmya

    Manuscript Created date: 16th century

    An illustrated palm-leaf manuscript of the Devī Māhātmya, a devotional text in praise of Durgā. Made in Bhaktapur, Nepal...

  • Fragments from a Kalophonic Sticherarion

    Manuscript Created date: 16th century–17th century

    Ongoing developments in Greek music resulted in the appearance of the ‘kalophonic’ (beautiful-sounding) style of chant. ...

  • Greek bestiary

    Manuscript Created date: 2nd quarter of the 16th century–3rd quarter of the 16th century

    The Byzantine poet Manuel Philes (c. 1275–c. 1345) is best known now for his work De Animalium Proprietate (‘On the Natu...

  • Greek military and technical treatises

    Manuscript Created date: 1st quarter of the 16th century

    The treatises of Hero of Alexandria (mid-1st century CE) on pneumatics and automata were hugely popular in the Byzantine...

  • Hagiographa

    Manuscript Created date: 1500–1599

    Codex of Ketuvim (‘Writings’, the third division of the Hebrew Bible), in Hebrew, Aramaic and Judeo-Arabic. The transla...

  • Henry VIII's prayer roll

    Scroll, Prayer book, Manuscript, Manuscript, Illuminated manuscript, Illustration, Image Created date: c. 1485–1509

    Owned by Henry VIII as a young man, this is one of the finest surviving late medieval prayer rolls. The manuscript Meas...

  • Hero’s Pneumatika

    Manuscript Created date: 2nd quarter of the 16th century-3rd quarter of the 16th century

    Although most of the manuscripts of the works of Hero of Alexandria (1st century CE) in the British Library contain both...

  • Illustrated Greek treatises on warfare

    Manuscript Created date: 1545

    This remarkable manuscript, completed on 7 May 1545, contains a range of treatises on warfare and weaponry, including te...