Collection items

Showing 14 results

  • Bull of Innocent III taking England under his prot...

    Manuscript, Seal Created date: 1214

    Fearing that he would be threatened with papal support for a French invasion of England, in 1213 King John made peace wi...

  • Burnt copy of Magna Carta with the seal attached

    Manuscript, Charter, Seal Created date: 1215

    One of the four surviving copies of the 1215 Magna Carta, this document is now so badly damaged as to be barely readable...

  • Charter of King John to Robert of Braybrooke

    Charter, Manuscript, Seal Created date: 1208

    Robert of Braybrooke (1168–1210) was listed by the chronicler Roger of Wendover (d. 1236) as one of King John’s evil cou...

  • Great Seal of King John

    Object, Seal Created date: 1203

    Attached to this charter is one of the best-preserved impressions of the Great Seal of King John. John appears seated on...

  • Harappa seal from the Indus Valley

    Seal Created date: 2600–1900 BC

    In the Indus Valley of Pakistan and northern India, symbols have been found on pots, clay tablets and stone seals such a...

  • Magna Carta, 1225

    Manuscript, Seal, Charter Created date: 11 February 1225

    On 11 February 1225, King Henry III (r. 1216–72) issued what became the final and definitive version of Magna Carta. It ...

  • Magna Carta with the seal of Cardinal Guala, 1217

    Manuscript, Charter, Seal Created date: 1217

    A condition of the peace treaty of 1217, under which Prince Louis resigned his claims to the throne and left England, wa...

  • Seal matrix of Robert fitz Walter

    Object, Seal Created date: c.1213-19

    One of the chief organisers of the baronial rebellion in 1215 was Robert fitz Walter (1162-1235), lord of Little Dunmow ...

  • Seal of Stephen Langton

    Object, Seal Created date: 1228

    The seal of Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury (1150-1228), is notable for containing on its reverse a depiction ...

  • Stamp-seal with inscription in Phoenician script

    Seal Created date: 8th century BC

    The first alphabet created from Egyptian hieroglyphs in the Sinai area was picked up by Phoenician traders in the 11th c...

  • The Articles of the Barons

    Manuscript, Object, Seal Created date: June 1215

    Following the seizure of London by the rebel barons in May 1215, prolonged negotiations between the rival parties led to...

  • The Forest Charter of 1225

    Manuscript, Seal, Charter Created date: 11 February 1225

    In 1217, King Henry III (r. 1216–72) issued a new version of Magna Carta, together with a new charter dealing with the r...

  • The papal bull annulling Magna Carta

    Manuscript, Object, Seal Created date: 24 August 1215

    The papal bull annulling Magna Carta was issued by Pope Innocent III (1161–1216) on 24 August 1215. It was written by a ...

  • The Statute of Pamiers

    Manuscript, Seal Created date: 1212

    Across medieval Europe, kings and lords issued charters promising their subjects protection, justice and respect for est...