The Greek World
The spread of Greek language and culture extended far beyond the borders of Greece and the Byzantine Empire. Many manuscripts at the British Library contain evidence of the importance of Greek for Western Europe and the Middle East.
- Article by:
- Mark Joyal
Our knowledge of the great works of ancient Greek literature derive from two main sources: manuscripts from Byzantium, and papyri discovered in Egypt since the late 19th century. Here, Mark Joyal surveys the process by which these works were transmitted through the centuries.Read more
- Article by:
- Cillian O’Hogan
After late antiquity, knowledge of Greek declined in Latin-speaking Western Europe. Although Greek would not be taught widely in the West again until the Renaissance, a number of manuscripts indicate that there was interest in learning about Greek letters during the Middle Ages, as Cillian O’Hogan explains.Read more
Learn more about Byzantine art from the illuminations and decorations found on Greek manuscripts.
Explore what Greek papyri reveal about the lives, troubles, and joys of people who lived over a thousand years ago.
Discover more about what our rich collection of surviving religious manuscripts tells us about Byzantine life.
Explore the intellectual traditions of the Graeco-Roman world that continued throughout the Byzantine era and into the Early Modern world.