Elizabeth I and the Spanish Armada

The defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 has long been held as one of England's greatest military achievements. The successful defence of the kingdom against invasion on such an unprecedented scale boosted the prestige of England's Queen Elizabeth I and encouraged a sense of English pride and nationalism.

In this resource, you can explore the question: 'why did the English fleet defeat the Spanish Armada'? Consider the different historical interpretations and look at some contemporary images and documents from the British Library and other sources.