Independence and Partition


Independence and Partition


  • Intro

    After a long struggle against colonialism, India won her freedom from British rule in 1947. However, communal politics and tensions between Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs led to partition and the creation of two new states: India and Pakistan. In London separate independence celebrations were held at India House, Aldwych and for Pakistan at Lancaster House.


    Partition created economic and social upheaval as millions crossed the new borders. Many lost homes and were displaced. Pressures on land, jobs and resources led some to answer Britain’s advertising campaign in response to the post- war labour shortage to rebuild the British economy. They found employment in manufacturing, transport and the newly-founded National Health Service. As economic migrants, the pattern of settlement of this generation of Asians was decided by the needs of the British economy.


    Shelfmark: Photo 429/18

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