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Time line

597 St Augustine was sent by the Pope in Rome to SE England to convert the Germanic peoples (Anglo-Saxons) who had taken over after the Roman empire collapsed. His followers led the so-called Roman movement.
597 St Columba died on his island monastery of Iona which he had founded in 563 as the base for conversion of Irish settlers in Scotland. His followers led the 'Celtic' Church.
635 Monks from Iona established the monastery of Lindisfarne with a view to converting the people of Northumbria.
664 The Synod of Whitby met and the cases for Roman and Celtic movements argued. The decision was taken in favour of Rome, essentially the European mainstream.
By 716 All Columban / Celtic centres had conformed. 793 Lindisfarne was the first victim of Viking raids. 840s The community (monks and associated lay people) moved temporarily northwards.
875 They left Lindisfarne as their principal house and went walkabout, carrying Cuthbert's coffin and relics.
883 They were given the Roman fort of Chester-le-Street as their new home. It was here that Aldred added his translation.
995 The community relocated to Durham.
1539 Durham became an Anglian cathedral at the Disssolution of the Monasteries. The Lindisfarne Gospels may have been taken to London by Henry VIII's Commissioners or it could have stayed at Durham until the 1590s.
1605 The Lindisfarne Gospels belonged to Robert Bowyer, Clerk of the Parliaments and Keeper of the Records, a known book-collector who lived in the Tower of London.
1613 Ownership had passed to Sir Robert Cotton 1753 Cotton's collections were a foundation of the new British Museum Library.
1973 The British Museum Library became part of the new British Library.


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