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Golden Haggadah - The Plagues of Egypt, folios 12v -13.

Turning the Pages - Golden Haggadah: Scenes from Exodus,  folios 10v -11.
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The ongoing conflict between Pharaoh and Moses culminates in a series of devastating plagues. Blighted by disasters, humans, animals, and nature are rendered by the second artist in the naturalistic manner specific to the northern French Gothic style.

These miniatures display other distinctive marks of the artist's skill and style, such as the flowing drapery, and the well-proportioned figures with thick, wavy hair and expressive faces and gestures.

folio 12v

Here the plague of frogs is initiated by Moses, not Aaron as indicated in the Bible. Green frogs leap everywhere and nobody is spared, not even Pharaoh.

The plague of lice attacks both humans and animals, and Pharaoh and his magicians seem helpless.

According to Jewish tradition, the plague of arov denotes wild beasts. Moses looks on as Pharaoh and his attendant are attacked by wild animals. In Latin manuscripts, this plague is usually the plague of flies.

This panel shows the plague on livestock. The man wiping away tears, the man tearing his shirt, and the lifeless animals on the ground are realistically executed.

folio 13

Moses throws ashes out of a bowl, initiating the plague of boils. On the left, a barefoot Pharaoh covered with spots consults a physician.

Two episodes are featured here: on the left a powerless Pharaoh watching the onset of the plague of hail and flaming fire; on the right, Moses, lifting his hands in prayer, asks God to stop the plague. Aaron looks on as Moses touches the ground with his staff and triggers the plague of locusts.

There are two scenes based on midrashic legends: above, Pharaoh and his courtiers are immobilised by the plague of darkness, while, below, the Israelites carry away the Egyptians possessions.

  < Pages 13 and 14 (of 32)  

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