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Sultan Baybars' Qur'an Text - Pages 3 and 4

Image of Sultan Baybars' Qur'an - Pages 3 and 4
Copyright © The British Library Board

Add. 22406, fols 2v-3r

This is the first double page of text and contains the whole of chapter one written in gold thuluth script against a dotted geometric pattern. This chapter is recited several times in each of the five daily prayers. The Qur'an contains 114 surahs or chapters. The second line carries the basmalah, with which each chapter of the Qur'an (with the exception of chapter nine) begins. This is an expression of piety, which reads: 'In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate'.

The heading, which is highlighted in red over gold, states the name of the chapter, which is called 'The Opening' (Surat al-Fatihah), and that there are seven verses.

Translation:

'In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate.
Praise belongs to God, the Lord of all the worlds,
the Merciful, the Compassionate,
Master of the Day of Judgment.

You alone do we worship and You alone do we ask for help.
Guide us along the straight path, the path of those whom You have blessed, not those who have incurred Your wrath,
nor those who are astray.'


 
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