The British Library
homeHome> Online Gallery> Virtual books

The Sforza Hours - Pages 9 and 10

Image of The Sforza Hours - pages 9 and 10
Copyright © The British Library Board

folio 10v, Horenbout, St Mark

On the left-hand page St Mark, like St Matthew, is painted seated in an elaborate Italian Renaissance interior. Horenbout was probably influenced by the setting of Birago's St Matthew, and used the architecture to produce an effect that complements the work of the earlier artist. The geometrical pattern of the floor and the structure of the cross-vaulted ceiling are similar to those in Birago's St Matthew, but in the miniature of St Mark, the most lavish decoration is reserved for the columns.

The costume of the Evangelist, with soft cap, fur trim, and green cloak, is of the type popular amongst the middle classes of Flanders in Horenbout's time.

The lion was the symbol of St Mark, referring to the idea of Christ as the lion of Judah.

This inscription has puzzled scholars. Some scholars have suggested that it is a coded version of the artist's name, together with the year, 1519, in which he painted the miniature.

Gilded decoration adorns the columns, reflecting the Italian architecture of the time.

folio 12r

The right-hand page contains part of St Mark's Gospel. This leaf is one of the replacements for Margaret of Austria. Unlike folio 7v on which the text was transcribed by the original Italian scribe, this page had its text transcribed by Etienne de Lale. Etienne was paid by Margaret for his work on the Hours in 1517. His style of script is clearly an imitation of the original Italian script.

  < Pages 7 and 8  

This version of Turning the Pages does not require the Shockwave plug-in. It foregoes the interactive animation that lets you 'virtually' turn pages and brings you the same high-quality images of our greatest books in standard web pages.

You can listen to the audio files on these pages with Windows Media Player

Accessibility Terms of use Site map
Copyright The British Library Board