If you have contributed to a book which is lent out by public libraries in the UK and the Republic of Ireland and you can register for UK and Irish PLR schemes.
How do I register?
Eligible book contributors can register online for both the UK and Irish PLR schemes through the UK PLR office. Print and non-print (ebooks and audiobooks) are eligible.
The online service is not yet available if you are only applying for the Irish PLR scheme. Download an application form to register for Irish PLR.
Am I eligible to claim PLR?
To qualify for PLR you should be a named contributor on a book’s title page or be entitled to a royalty payment from the publisher (NB. you do not have to own the copyright). Full details relating to eligibility is available in our Information Leaflet (MS Word).
When there are two or more contributors, PLR is split on the basis of percentage shares that reflect each individual’s contribution.
All contributors named on the title page of a book must be consulted to agree percentage shares before registration. Each eligible contributor may then submit a separate application. The following types of contributor are eligible for PLR:
- Writers - share to reflect contribution
- Illustrators/photographers - share to reflect contribution even if paid by fee
- Translators - share fixed at 30%
- Original author - even if out of copyright or deceased a notional share should be allocated to reflect contribution
- Adaptors/Re-tellers - 80% of the text share (after the illustrator's share is allocated) where the original author is named on the title page or 100% of the text share where no original author is named or has an agreement with the author named on the title page
- Ghost writers - if named on the title page or entitled to royalties from the publisher
- Editors/compilers/abridgers/revisers - share to reflect contribution. Refer to the guidelines in Section 2 of the Information Leaflet (MS Word) for further details.
For PLR purposes, an audiobook is only eligible if it would read like a book should the entire content of the recording be printed. In order to be eligible for PLR, an audiobook must:
- be a reading of an existing printed book, or
- ·name a narrator/reader, or another contributor who performs the same role of guiding the listener through the performance
Audiobooks can come in the following formats:
- MP3 Playaways (pre-loaded MP3 players which contain a single audio-book title – customer supplies headphones and battery)
- MP3CD – (unabridged audio-books which can be played on home computers)
- CD Roms which are the equivalent of a printed book produced in CD Rom format (eg a narrated version of a book or a pdf version of an ebook produced in CD Rom format)
The following materials qualify for registration (if they are issued with ISBNs), however will not receive a payment (as they are subject to the same copyright law restrictions as ebooks):
- Digital download
- Audio download
The following audio materials do not qualify for registration:
- Amazon audible downloads (digital downloads issued with ASINs)
- Dramatisations of TV or radio shows or audio material based on TV and radio shows which just contain actors performing their role with no narration in between
- Recordings of conversations, speeches, interviews and comedy sketches
- Interactive/Multimedia CD Roms which require additional software or interactive content in order to use the material. Under the terms of the scheme, this type of material is not deemed to be the equivalent of a printed book (eg software providing interactive access to teaching materials)
Writers may register a fixed 60% share in an audiobook, providing that it has not been abridged or translated. In cases where the writer has made an additional contribution (eg as narrator) he/she may claim both shares. Where there is an abridger and/or a translator involved, a share of the writer’s PLR goes to each of them and reduces what is available to the writer.
- Narrators may register a fixed 20% share in an audiobook.
- Producers (defined as ‘the person who organised the performance’ not the publishing company who employed the producer) may register a fixed 20% share in an audiobook.
- Abridgers (in cases where the writer’s original text has been abridged prior to recording as an audiobook) qualify for 12% (20% of the writer’s share).
- Translators (in cases where the writer’s original text has been translated from another language) qualify for 18% (30% of the writer’s share).
If there is more than one writer, narrator etc, the appropriate shares should be divided equally. If more than one contribution has been made, eg writer and narrator, more than one fixed share may be applied for.
Audio & book ‘pack’ shares
For the UK PLR scheme, the material is separated into 50% for the book element and 50% for the audio element. The appropriate shares should be applied for each element, eg agreed shares for the book and fixed shares for the audio material. Please refer to the example below where shares were agreed as 50/50 for the book element:
- Author – 25% book and 30% for CD (fixed share 60% of 50%) = Total share of 55%
- Illustrator – 25% of book and 0% for CD
- Narrator – 0% for book and 10% for CD (fixed share 20% of 50%)
- Producer – 0% for book and 10% for CD (fixed share 20% of 50%)
For the Irish PLR scheme, contributors may only register a share for the book element = 50% as audio material does not qualify. Please refer to the example below where shares were agreed as 50/50 for the book element:
- Author = 25%
- Illustrator = 25%
- Narrator = 0%
- Producer= 0%
E-books and E-audiobooks
On 1 July 2018 the UK PLR scheme was extended to include public library loans of e-books and e-audiobooks. Eligibility for e-books is the same as for print books and eligibility for e-audiobooks is the same as for audiobooks.
Those wishing to register e-books and e-audiobooks will be able to find information such as the relevant ISBN on their Royalty statement.
NB: Non-print material does not qualify for registration with the Irish PLR scheme and will not be listed on your statement.
Please note that Kindle and Audible editions are not eligible. Amazon operates a closed digital rights management system and has not licensed its books to be available via public libraries in the UK. Kindle and Amazon audible download editions are further complicated as they are published using ASINs. Under PLR legislation, loans are collected using ISBNs.
If your non-print titles are eligible please see our easy to follow Step by step guide (PDF) to registering.
Dead or missing contributors
Where a contributor has died or cannot be located, the remaining contributor(s) may still register a share that reflects their contribution. If similar books have been registered in the past, the same share agreement may stand.
Which name should I register with?
If you use a pseudonym you should apply for PLR using your real name. You are required to provide two pieces of supporting documentation which must match the name on our records.
You should provide your pseudonym when you register your books. We will link your registered name and pseudonym on our records.
Can I register for someone else?
It is not possible for someone else to apply on your behalf (eg agent, publisher, partner), unless they are acting under a ‘Power of Attorney’, in which case we would need to see a copy of the legal documentation.
Can I apply for books loaned outside the UK and Ireland?
The UK PLR office only administers the UK and Irish PLR schemes. However, UK and Irish authors are eligible for payments from the PLR systems operating in a number of other European countries including Germany, France, the Netherlands, and Austria. These payments are administered by ALCS.
Eligible illustrators, photographers and visual artists can apply to claim their share of Dutch PLR payments through the Design and Artists Copyright Society (DACS). Further information is available from DACS.
Find out more about international PLR schemes.
Can I claim payments retrospectively?
For both UK and Irish PLR, payments are made annually based on book loans data collected from public libraries over a twelve-month period.
In the UK the PLR year runs 1 July to 30 June. To qualify for payment for loans during this period authors must register their books by the closing date of 30 June. The Irish PLR year runs 1 January to 31 December. Books must be registered by the following 30 June to qualify for payment for loans during this period.
Neither PLR scheme allows for retrospective payments to be made for earlier years.
Can I apply if I live outside of the UK / Ireland?
To register for the UK PLR scheme you must have your only home or principal home in the UK or in any of the other countries within the European Economic Area (ie EC Member States plus Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein) at the time of registration.
Under the provisions of the PLR legislation authors resident in UK overseas territories and crown dependencies such as the Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar are not eligible to apply for PLR registration. This situation is under review by the government.
If you have more than one home, your principal home is the one where you spent most time during the 24 months before your application.
Continuous residence after registration is not a requirement, however if you move outside the UK or European Economic Area after registration you may not be able to register any new titles or editions for PLR. Once a book has been registered it will remain on the PLR system and you will continue to receive a statement each year.
To register for the Irish PLR scheme, you may be a resident or citizen of any of the countries within the EEA. If you are not an EEA resident and are applying for Irish PLR as a citizen, you must provide a photocopy of your passport to confirm your citizenship within the EEA.
Please note that it is not possible to register for UK PLR as an EEA Citizen if you do not live within the EEA. The UK PLR scheme takes no account of nationality but requires applicants to be resident within the EEA to qualify for registration.
All of the following forms and leaflets can be requested in other languages, large print and braille from the PLR office. Please contact us for further information.
You will need to print the forms before completion and then post to the PLR office as we require an original signature to add the information to the PLR register.
Alternatively, if you are applying for the UK PLR scheme, you may apply online.
- Information Leaflet (MS Word) (further information on both the UK and Irish PLR schemes
- How to edit book registration details (PDF) guidance notes to enable amendments to be made to your online book registrations
- New Application for Registration guidance notes and form for new applicants to register for UK PLR only, Irish PLR only or for both schemes
- Additional Book Registration guidance notes and form to register additional books for UK PLR only, Irish PLR only or for both schemes
- Book Details Continuation Sheet (PDF) to be used with a relevant PLR application form
- Application to Synchronise UK and Irish PLR Details (PDF) form to synchronise personal and book data so that details are the same for the UK and Irish PLR schemes
- Information Leaflet - UK and Irish Assignment and Posthumous Registration (PDF) to be read in conjunction with PLR's assignment and posthumous forms
- Guide to Completing Your Will (PDF) guidance notes for dealing with Public Lending Right in your Will
- Application for Assignment (Transfer on Death) (PDF) guidance notes and form to assign books registered for UK PLR only, Irish PLR only or both schemes
- Application for Assignment (Gift or Sale) guidance notes and form to assign books registered for UK PLR only, Irish PLR only or both schemes
- First Application for Posthumous Registration (PDF) guidance notes and form to register for both the UK and Irish PLR schemes
- Subsequent Application for Posthumous Registration (PDF) guidance notes and form to register for both the UK and Irish PLR schemes
- Application to Renounce Registered Interests (MS Word) form for removing some or all of your titles from the PLR Register either temporarily or permanently - for UK PLR only, Irish PLR only or both schemes
- Amending UK or International Bank Details (PDF) form for registered authors to advise PLR of amendments to bank details
- Declaration and Supporting Documents (PDF) form which new UK online applicants are required to complete to support their first online application to register for PLR.
Assigning PLR payments
You may wish to nominate an alternative payee (such as a friend or family member or a chosen charity) to receive your PLR earnings. This does not change the ownership of the Public Lending Right. You can amend your payment arrangement at any time via your online account.
It is possible to assign different books to more than one assignee. A separate assignment form will need to be completed for each assignee, specifying which titles are to be assigned to them. However, it is not possible to divide the PLR in one book between different assignees.
Renouncing your PLR rights
If you renounce your PLR rights you are requesting to remove some or all of your registered titles from the register. This means that you will no longer receive any loans information or payments on the renounced books.
You may renounce books which have been assigned to you (ie the rights have been transferred to you on the death of the original registered owner, or assigned as a gift).
In order to renounce you should complete an Application to Renounce Registered Interests (PDF) form.
People usually renounce their rights when their registered titles are no longer recording any borrowings. However, it is worth bearing in mind that the UK PLR scheme operates a sample of authorities which is rotated each year. Writers of local interest books for example, may experience fluctuation in borrowings depending on the libraries which are included in the sample.
Renouncing your PLR rights does not affect any future applications to register for PLR. You may therefore re-register at a later date after you have renounced your rights.
What happens to my PLR earnings when I die?
For both the UK and Irish PLR schemes, the right to receive PLR continues for up to 70 years after the date of the original registered owner’s death. Please contact us to advise of a registered owner’s death in writing, via email or telephone.
The legal representative of the estate will be required to complete an Application for Assignment (Transfer on Death) (PDF) form. In order to transfer the PLR, we need to see copies of either the Will and Death Certificate or Grant of Probate, Letters of Administration or Confirmation document. These documents will be returned once we have recorded receipt. If no documentation is available, the Next of Kin should provide a letter to confirm this.
Full details are available in our Information Leaflet - UK and Irish Assignment and Posthumous Registration (PDF).
You can submit posthumous applications for both the UK and Irish PLR schemes through the UK PLR office.
First applications to be registered for PLR may not be made by the estate of a deceased author. However, if the deceased had registered books for PLR during their lifetime, under certain circumstances, additional books may be registered by the executor (or the new owner if the PLR rights have been assigned).
Posthumous applications to register new titles can only be accepted if the book was published within one year before, or up to ten years after the date of the original registered owner’s death.
New editions of existing registered titles can be added at any time during the life of PLR (up to seventy years after the date of the original registered owner’s death).
You must register separately each book and each new edition where it has a different ISBN. However, once an ISBN has been registered you need not apply for it again. Applications to register for PLR must be made on an official application for posthumous registration form.
If this is your first application for posthumous registration, the personal representative and the new owner must jointly complete the appropriate sections of the First Application for Posthumous Registration (PDF) form. The certificate section of the form must be completed by an independent witness who knew the original registered owner for at least two years before their death.
Providing that a First Application for Posthumous Registration has been processed, any subsequent applications for posthumous registration may be made by the new owner of the PLR on a Subsequent Application for Posthumous Registration form. It is not necessary for the personal representative to complete the form, and the certificate section is not required on subsequent forms. Full details regarding posthumous registration can be found in our Information Leaflet - UK and Irish Assignment and Posthumous Registration.