Listen: 140 Years of Recorded Sound opens at the British Library

Wax cylinders from the British Library sound collections
  • Listen: 140 Years of Recorded Sound opens in the Entrance Hall Gallery and will explore how sound has shaped and influenced our lives since the phonograph was invented in 1877
  • This free exhibition will demonstrate how innovations in recording technology and radio broadcasting have transformed our listening experience
  • Enjoy the chance to hear rare and unpublished recordings from the British Library’s sound archive

Listen: 140 Years of Recorded Sound runs from 6 October 2017 – 11 March 2018 in our Entrance Hall Gallery and reflects the importance of sound in recording our lives and cultural heritage, and the impact of radio in the 20th century.

Visitors will have the opportunity to hear an eclectic mix of sounds from the archive including many rare and unpublished recordings. There will be items on display from our rarely-seen collection of records, players and recorders, exploring how technology has transformed our listening experience.

This free exhibition will also highlight key moments and figures in the history of recorded sound, including the birth of the BBC, the rise of the pop charts, and 16-year-old Alfred Taylor, whose ‘Wireless Log’ in 1922 can be compared to modern-day vloggers and YouTubers.

Exhibitions highlights include:

  • Rarely-seen artefacts from the Library’s collection of cylinder machines, record players and tape recorders
  • Rare and unusual records from the collection including James Joyce reading from Ulysses in 1924 (one of the rarest literary spoken word discs in the British Library's collection and one of only two recordings of the voice of James Joyce), and the smallest 78 rpm disc ever issued, made for Queen Mary’s dolls’ house the same year
  • Seated listening stations with a menu of 100 sounds from the archive
  • An X-ray disc from Soviet Russia, playable stamps from the Kingdom of Bhutan, and historical and modern picture discs
  • Original ‘voice letter’ record-your-own-voice discs from the 1920s onward
  • An illustrated educational timeline of key moments in the story of recorded sound
  • Historic voices from the archive: from the testimonies of ordinary people, to famous names including Florence Nightingale, recorded at home in London, July 30, 1890; aviator Amelia Earhart, recorded in 1932 and part of what was possibly the first radio programme to be created by splicing together magnetic tape; writer Jorge Luis Borges live at the ICA in 1971; and poet Maya Angelou live at Lewisham Theatre in 1986

The exhibition will also feature a specially-commissioned sound installation by musician and former British Library composer-in-residence Aleks Kolkowski, which takes its inspiration from the Wireless Log and Minutes Book by 16 year-old radio enthusiast Alfred Taylor (1922, British Library Collection). The work uses archival recordings from the British Library and is channelled through antiquated radio horn loudspeakers to reproduce a near representation of historical radio, as it was heard in its early years.

Aleks said of the installation:

“It’s been a great privilege to have unfettered access to the British Library’s sound collections and to work so closely with the British Library’s Broadcast Radio curator, Paul Wilson, in compiling the selection of historic recordings from which the sound montage is based. I hope that the work conveys a compelling impression of the sounds of radio during the first decade of public broadcasting.”

Steve Cleary, Lead Curator of Literary and Creative Recordings at the British Library, said of the exhibition:

“We’re delighted to be opening up our sound archive with Listen: 140 Years of Recorded Sound, and do something a little bit different with our very first sound-focused exhibition. Preserving the nation’s sounds is just as important to us as preserving the nation’s words, and we hope to surprise and intrigue visitors to the exhibition with examples of unusual recordings and sound technology over the past 140 years.”

The exhibition is part of the British Library’s Season of Sound, delving into its extraordinary collection of over 6.5 million recordings of speech, music, wildlife and the environment, from the 1880s to the present day. This exhibition and events programme will look back over 140 years of recorded sound and explore how important sound has been to our lives since the invention of the phonograph in 1877.

The Season of Sound events programme will run until late March 2018, with events still to be announced.

Highlights include:

Happy Hour: Listening Pleasures on a Friday Evening
Fridays from 6 October 17.00 – 18.00
Free / Entrance Hall
Be transported to a rainforest, revisit musical treasures or experience rare recordings for the first time, played in hi-fidelity through Bowers & Wilkins Sound System, all within our Entrance Hall. Guest selectors will open your ears and mind in these regular Friday evening sound experiences. See our website for the full programme.

Stories of Silence and Sound: Bella Bathurst and Erling Kagge
Friday 6 October 19.00 – 20.30
£10 / £8 / £7 / Knowledge Centre
How does it feel to spend 50 days in silence? Do we ever really experience a true absence of sound? What can deafness teach us? Join writer Bella Bathurst and explorer Erling Kagge as they discuss our emotional relationship with sound, noise and silence; the need for them and the desire to escape them.

Late at the Library: The Radiophonic Workshop and Guests
Friday 13 October 19.30 – 23.00
£22 / £20 / £18 / Entrance Hall. 
As the in-house composers of music and effects for the BBC, the Radiophonic Workshop created the sonic backdrops for Doctor WhoThe Hitchhikers Guide to the GalaxyTomorrow’s World and countless others, and are hugely influential. Now they’re back, performing classic material as well as new album Burials in Several Earths with special guest Martyn Ware (Heaven 17, Human League)With visuals by DFuse and guset DJ Tom Middleton.

Soundhouses: The Radiophonic Workshop at 60
Friday 13 October 18.30 – 19.45
£25 / Knowledge Centre
The inside story of the electronic production house. Ticket price includes entrance to the Late event.

Super Sonic: A Day of Audio Adventures
Saturday 25 November 10.00 – 18.30
£22 / £20 / £18 / Knowledge Centre
A one-day mini festival delving into the world of recorded sound. From the earliest days of radio to cutting edge BBC technology, via turntables, record-your-own audio booths and illicit records from Soviet Russia.

Late at the Library: Sonic Boom
£15 / £12 / £10 / Entrance Hall
Saturday 25 November 19.30 – 23.00
A night of aural delights on the Bowers & Wilkins Sound System. DJs and attractions to be announced soon: keep an eye on our website for details.

Sounds at the British Library: Meet the Curators
Monday 27 November 13.00 – 14.30
Free / Ticket required / Knowledge Centre
Music, voices, and the natural world: the British Library is home to over 6.5 million sound recordings made over 140 years. Get an insight into the collection at this free event and hear how Library plans to save and share even more.

The Longplayer Conversation: Chris Watson and David Attenborough
Monday 27 November 19.00 – 20.30
£15 / £12 / £10 / Knowledge Centre
An evening of extraordinary sounds and discussion between long-time collaborators, sound recordist Chris Watson, and naturalist and broadcaster David Attenborough.

Selector Responder: Sounding out the Archives
Friday 8 December 19.00 – 21.30
£12 / £10 / £8 / Knowledge Centre
Ten quick-fire responses to the British Library’s sound collection from artists and specialists, curated by sound artist Ella Finer. Speakers include Larry Achiampong, Holly Pester and David Toop.

Feeling Sound: Evelyn Glennie in Conversation with Colin Blakemore
Thursday 14 December 19.00 – 20.30
£12 / £10 / £8 / Knowledge Centre
Think hearing is just sound waves hitting your ear drums? Think again. Percussionist Evelyn Glennie’s unique connection to her music comes from having lost almost all of her hearing by the age of 12. She joins neuroscientist Colin Blakemore to discuss how we can all really listen.

For more information on the Season of Sound events programme, please visit

This Season of Sound is part of the British Library’s Save our Sounds programme, which launched in 2016. Save our Sounds has been launched by the British Library to address the threat to the nation’s sound collection by digitising those rare, unique or fragile recordings which are most at risk, as well as delivering online resources and a vibrant programme of activities across the UK, connecting people with their audio heritage. The programme is supported by a major grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Save Our Sounds is also investing in new technology to ensure the long-term preservation of UK recordings and broadcast radio so that they will be available for generations to come, for research, inspiration and enjoyment.

Notes to Editors

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and one of the world's greatest research libraries. It provides world class information services to the academic, business, research and scientific communities and offers unparalleled access to the world's largest and most comprehensive research collection. The Library's collection has developed over 250 years and exceeds 150 million separate items representing every age of written civilisation and includes books, journals, manuscripts, maps, stamps, music, patents, photographs, newspapers and sound recordings in all written and spoken languages. Up to 10 million people visit the British Library website - - every year where they can view up to 4 million digitised collection items and over 40 million pages. See more at:

Bowers & Wilkins is Britain’s leading manufacturer of high performance speakers and audio systems. Since 1966, the brand has built an unrivalled reputation for innovation and sound quality, earning multiple awards and the endorsement of many of the world’s leading recording studios.  Bowers & Wilkins reputation is based on the unwavering pursuit of the best possible sound; it’s this passion for high fidelity sound that drives the brand to offer a rich and unsurpassable music listening experience. As a company it understands that remarkable sound must be experienced to be fully appreciated – “Listen and you’ll see”.

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