Byron, Wilde and Woolf treasures travel to China
In Mu Xin’s Words: Treasures of the British Library exhibition at Mu Xin Art Museum, Wuzhen 15 October 2017 – 14 January 2018
Original manuscripts which demonstrate the creative methods of some of the greatest writers from English and Irish literature will travel to Wuzhen in China. They are to feature in an exhibition celebrating the famous Chinese poet, scholar and artist Mu Xin, and his love affair with English literature.
In Mu Xin’s Words: Treasures of the British Library will take place at the Mu Xin Art Museum in Wuzhen, from 15 October 2017 to 14 January 2018. Mu Xin (1927-2011) was an ardent admirer of English poetry, drama and fiction and the exhibition features original manuscripts – loaned by the British Library – of four of his favourite writers: Lord Byron, Charles Lamb, Oscar Wilde and Virginia Woolf.
These rare and valuable manuscripts are visiting China for the first time, as part of a wider three-year programme of cultural exchange, The British Library in China: connecting through culture and learning. This has already seen a hugely successful exhibition of literary treasures at the National Library of China in Beijing, and the launch of a Chinese language website – www.britishlibrary.cn – that features over 200 digitised items and more than 70 interpretive essays, including the items and authors featured at the Wuzhen exhibition and themed articles on Mu Xin and English literature.
The exhibition at Mu Xin Art Museum will coincide with the 2017 Wuzhen Theatre Festival and includes:
- The original 1923-24 manuscript of The Hours by Virginia Woolf (published subsequently in 1925 as Mrs Dalloway)
- Handwritten manuscript of Lord Byron’s poem Love and Gold
- Typewritten and extensively corrected manuscript for act one of Oscar Wilde’s play Lady Windermere’s Fan
- Original letters from Charles Lamb, co-author of Tales From Shakespeare, a book which was instrumental in popularising Shakespeare’s works in China
Mu Xin was a passionate reader of all these authors and wrote at length on them and their works. He described Byron as “the strongest voice in human civilisation […] against authority and for freedom, absolute freedom of the individual.”
Of Charles Lamb’s impact on him as an adolescent he wrote: “it was love at first sight.” Writing about Irish author Oscar Wilde he could be more ambivalent: “Wilde was indeed a wit, sharp and eloquent. At times, however, I want to say to him: ‘Do not say too much. The more you say, the more mistakes you make.’”
Recalling a lifetime’s reading of Virginia Woolf, Mu Xin commented: “Age really matters. I read her when I was in my thirties, forties, even fifties. In my sixties I understood. I understood where she had been right, and where she had been wrong.”
The Director of Mu Xin Art Museum Chen Danqing said: “It is a pleasure and an honour for the Mu Xin Art Museum to host a display from the British Library, featuring a selection of manuscripts by iconic writers including Lord Byron, Charles Lamb, Oscar Wilde and Virginia Woolf. When Mr Mu Xin was referencing these great authors in his lectures, the idea that their manuscripts would one day find their way to Wuzhen would have been unimaginable. Generations of Chinese readers have admired English literature in its translated form. Now, seeing these original manuscripts in person makes that reading experience much more real and rich. I’m sure these great writers would have loved to meet their Chinese readers.”
Roly Keating, Chief Executive of the British Library, said: “We are delighted to bring these treasures of English and Irish literature to Wuzhen, so that people in China can see for themselves original drafts bearing the very marks of their creation. Through his long career, Mu Xin himself exemplified the breadth and depth of cultural exchange between Britain and China, so it’s doubly appropriate that we are displaying works by four of his favourite authors in the spectacular Mu Xin Art Museum dedicated to his life and art.”
The curator of In Mu Xin’s Words: Treasures of the British Library, Alexandra Ault said: “The manuscripts selected highlight the act of writing and the creative processes of each author. Byron’s Love and Gold shows the poet working intensively on a single sheet of paper, continually turning it to make use of all the available space while crossing out sections before rewriting. The second draft for Lady Windermere's Fan is typewritten and both stage directions and actor’s lines are extensively corrected by Wilde in pencil. It bears the stamp of Mrs Marshall's typewriting office on the Strand, London, showing how often a number of people could be involved in the production of a manuscript. These four exciting items bring to life the production of literature and place famous plays, stories and poems into three-dimensional creative spaces.”
Unless stated otherwise, media content on the press area of our website, including images, is protected by third-party rights such as copyright or trademarks. The British Library is permitted to make the content available to you for promoting associated British Library’s exhibitions, events or activities. If you are not using images to promote a British Library activity, you must clear all rights for your use of any in-copyright material beyond uses permitted under the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988.
Letters from Charles Lamb to the poet Bernard Barton, 1822-1831. © British Library Board.
Second draft for Act I of Lady Windermere’s Fan by Oscar Wilde, typewritten and manuscript, 1892. Unpublished Material © the Estate of Oscar Wilde.
Original manuscript by Virginia Woolf for the novel Mrs Dalloway, 1924. The Society of Authors as the Literary Representative of the Estate of Virginia Woolf.
Original manuscript by Lord Byron for the poem Love and Gold. © The National Library of Scotland.
390 × 600, 106.8 KB
Virginia Woolf, c. 1930. © Bridgeman Images.
Portrait of Lord Byron, by Walker & Cockerell, after Thomas Phillips. © British Library Board.
3451 × 4850, 4.4 MB
Portrait of Oscar Wilde, New York, 1882. © British Library Board.
3256 × 3961, 1.9 MB
Portrait of Charles Lamb by Henry Meyer, 1826. © British Library Board.
Notes to Editors
For more information, images and interviews, please contact:
Brunswick Group, China
Brunswick Group, London
Mu Xin Art Museum
Mu Xin Art Museum
Phone: +86 13911719306
The Mu Xin Art Museum is dedicated to celebrating and showcasing the lifelong work and legacy of the artist, writer, and poet Mu Xin (1927-2011). The Mu Xin Art Museum publicly showcases the entirety of the poet and artist’s past and presents itself as a space for future guidance and academic studies. Located in the artist’s home hometown of Wuzhen, the museum is the leading resource for learning about the impact and continued meaning of Mu Xin’s art.
The single-artist museum displaying the art and writing of Mu Xin will be the first of its kind to be publicly displayed. The museum, with five permanent galleries dedicated to Mu Xin’s art and writing, includes painting galleries, a literature gallery, The Prison Notes gallery, and a small cinema. In the two additional galleries, the museum will showcase the work of other artists who had a significant impact on Mu Xin. The multi-function room will be displaying images of Mu Xin’s paintings in details.
The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom and one of the world's greatest research libraries. It provides world class information services to the academic, business, research and scientific communities and offers unparalleled access to the world's largest and most comprehensive research collection. The Library's collection has developed over 250 years and exceeds 150 million separate items representing every age of written civilisation and includes books, journals, manuscripts, maps, stamps, music, patents, photographs, newspapers and sound recordings in all written and spoken languages. Up to 10 million people visit the British Library website - www.bl.uk - every year where they can view up to 4 million digitised collection items and over 40 million pages.