Medieval Towns & Villages


How was medieval society organised and who lived where? Was it better to live in a town or in a village? What was life like in these places? Of course, much of this is subjective and one might disagree over the merits of town or country life in modern society. However the primary sources available offer a valuable insight into medieval town and village life in a different time and lend a medieval perspective that enables students to make links across time. This activity is suitable for students in Key Stage 3 and might be most usefully attempted following learning about other aspects of medieval life such as religion, medicine and the Black Death.

Key questions

  • How was society organised in the medieval period?
  • How much can the sources tell us about life in towns and villages?
  • What were the pros and cons of living in a town or a village?