Miriam Rothschild (1908-2005), zoologist, entomolgist and naturalist, was an authority on fleas and butterflies, a pioneering researcher in ecological biochemistry and an active conservationist. Her early research on the parasites of marine snails was curtailed when the laboratory in which she was working was bombed during the Second World War and she spent a period working at Bletchley Park asa code-breaker. Thereafter she combined research, much of it in her private laboratory, with bringing up her family and managing a farm. Many of her interests built on projects that had been initiated by her father, himself an accomplished naturalist, whose collection of fleas she catalogued in six volumes between 1953 and 1983 and whose advocacy of nature reserves she also championed. Unusually for someone who worked outside the formal institutional structures of science she was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1985, joining her brother Victor as the first brother and sister to be so honoured.
- Birth name: Miriam Rothschild
- Born: 1908 Northamptonshire, UK
- Occupation: Zoologist
- Disciplines: Zoology
- Education: Educated at home
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