Yates Thompson 37, f. 159

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Jaquemart de Hesdin (first documented working in Bourges in 1384, d. after 1413) was a South Netherlandish artist who moved to France to work for John, duke of Berry. In 1398, he was employed at the castle of Poitiers, where he was accused of having stolen pigments and patterns from Jean de Hollande (another painter documented in the duke’s service but otherwise unknown). Berry’s inventories list two manuscripts illuminated by Jacquemart: a ‘Très Belles Heures’, listed in 1402, tentatively identified with a book of hours in Brussels (Bibliothèque royale, mss. 11060-61), and a ‘Grandes Heures’, listed in 1413, which corresponds to a large book of hours in Paris (Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 919). The illuminations in the Grandes Heures are by several artists (‘Jaquemart de Hodin et autres ouvriers’ – Jaquemart de Hodin and other craftsmen), but none corresponds with the style of the Brussels Hours. However, all the full-page miniatures of the Grandes Heures were excised, but one – the Road to Calvary now in the Louvre – has been identified and attributed to Jacquemart. The Louvre leaf is executed in a style different from the small miniatures in the Grandes Heures and, although heavily damaged, reveals an artist influenced by Sienese art. Other manuscripts attributed to Jacquemart include the famous Petites Heures of the duke of Berry (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 18014), which was begun by Jean le Noir and finished by Jacquemart and his workshop. Some think most of the small miniatures in the Hours of the Trinity are by an associate, the Trinity Master, although his style closely resembles that of Jacquemart. The book of hours for the use of Bourges shown here contains miniatures by different artists associated with the duke of Berry: Pseudo-Jacquemart painted the Annunciation, the Entry into Jerusalem reflects the soft modelling and subtle colours of Jacquemart, the Crucifixion has been attributed to the closely related Trinity Master, and Pentecost was executed by the Baptist Master. The only artist firmly based in Paris who participated in this commission was the Luçon Master.  
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