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Detailed record for Royal 19 B XIII

Author Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meun
Title Roman de la Rose
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date c. 1320 - c. 1340
Language French
Script Gothic
Decoration 2 full-page miniatures in colours and gold preceding the text (ff. 3v, 4). 22 smaller miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 5, 6, 6v, 7, 8, 9, 10v, 14v, 16, 17v, 29, 31v, 51v, 83, 103, 138v, 141v), some with instruction to illuminator (ff. 14v, 18, 31v, 103) with a full bar border containing drolleries and a foliate initial in colours and gold, at the beginning of the text (f. 5). 'Champ' initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 310 x 210 (230 x 150)
Official foliation ff. 144 (+ 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end, and 1 unfoliated medieval flyleaf at the beginning and 2 at the end; ff. 1-2 are medieval parchment flyleaves)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library binding of brown leather with the royal arms and a date of 1757.
Provenance Sir Richard Stury (b. c.1327, d. 1395), privy counsellor to Edward III and Richard II, and one of the Lollard knights: owned by him, see inscription below.
Thomas [Thomas of Woodstock], duke of Gloucester (b. 1355, d. 1397), prince, the seventh (but fifth surviving) son of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault: inscribed, 'Ceste livre est a Thomas, fiz au Roy, duc de Glouc[estre], achates des / executours mons[ire] Ric[hard] Stury' (f. 2); included in the list of books confiscated to him at this capture and death for treason in 1397 (see Krochalis 1988].
Inscribed 'Lib[er] le romainis de la rose et incip[i]t 2° fo[lio] Enz en la milieu', 15th century (f. 5).
Added sketches of knights in armour, early 16th century? (ff. 1v-2).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): perhaps to be identified with 'Le romant de la roze' in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 91.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The text of the Roman de la rose was begun around 1220, possibly by Guillaume de Lorris and continued by Jean de Meun between 1269-1278. It is around 20,000 octosyllabic lines of French verse narrating the dream of a young lover, in which the long quest he has undertaken ends when he breaches the castle of Jealousy and obtains the rose. The earlier text is around 4,000 lines, and is lyrical and courtly, while the later addition is more didactic, scholarly, and pessimistic.
About 320 manuscripts of the text survive, nearly 200 of these are illustrated.
Catchwords and bifolium signatures; instructions for rubrics and correction notes in the same hand (e.g., ff. 66v, 128, 131-132).
Select bibliography H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), II (1893), I, p. 874.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 328.

Fritz Saxl and Hans Meier, Catalogue of Astrological and Mythological Illuminated Manuscripts of the Latin Middle Ages, 4 vols (London: The Warburg Institute, 1953), III: Manuscripts in English Libraries, p. 217.

V. J. Scattergood, ‘Literary Culture at the Court of Richard II, in English Court Culture in the Later Middle Ages, ed. by V. J. Scattergood and J. W. Sherborne (London: Duckworth, 1983), pp. 29-43 (pp. 36, 41).

Jeanne E. Krochalis, 'The Books and Readings of Henry V and his Circle', The Chaucer Review, 23 (1988), 50-77 (p. 51).

Herman Braet, 'Der Roman der Rose: Raum im Blick', in Träume im Mittelalter: Ikonologische Studien, ed. by Agostino Paravicini Bagliani and Giorgio Stabile (Stuttgart: Belser, 1989), pp. 183-92 (p. 190, n. 3).

Herman Braet, 'Aux sources du Roman de la Rose', in Medieval Codicology, Iconography, Literature, and Translation: Studies for Keith Val Sinclair, ed. by Peter Rolfe Monks and D. D. R. Owen (Leiden: Brill, 1994), pp. 110-16 (p. 111, n. 6).

Herman Braet, 'L'illustration de l'illustration: L'exemple de l'image dans le Roman de la Rose', in Ensi firent li ancessor: Mélanges de philologie médiévale offert à Marc-René Jung, ed. by Luciano Rosi, 2 vols (Alessandria: Edizioni dell'Orso, 1996), II, pp. 491-504 (pp. 497, n. 44, 505).

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.81.

Herman Braet, ‘L’instruction, le titulus, la rubrique: Observations sur la nature des éléments péritextuels’, in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 203-12 (p. 203).

Tine Melis, ‘An Alexander Manuscript for a Powerful Patron (Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Bodl. 264)’?’, in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 961-81 (p. 972).

Pamela Porter, Courtly Love in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2003), p. 29.

David Rundle, 'Habits of Manuscript-Collecting: the Dispersals of the Library of Humfrey, Duke of Gloucester', in Lost Libraries: The Destruction of Great Book Collections since Antiquity, ed. by James Raven (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), pp. 106-24 (p. 120, n. 17).

Victor Stoichita, The Pygmalion effect: from Ovid to Hitchcock (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), pp. 21-54, 84-85, 213-18.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 129 [exhibition catalogue].

Jonathan Morton, 'Friars in love: Manuscript illumination as literary commentary in three fourteenth-century manuscripts of the Roman de la Rose' in Text/image Relations in the late medieval French and Burgundian culture (14th-16th centuries), ed. by Rosalind Brown-Grant and Rebecca Dixon (Turnhout: Brepols, 2015), pp. 25-45.

Herman Braet,, Nouvelle Bibliographie du Roman de la Rose (Louvain: Peeters, 2017), p. 203.


Images
* * *
 
Lover and God of Love

f. 3v
Lover and God of Love
Lovers

f. 4
Lovers
Lovers

f. 4
Lovers
 
Lovers

f. 4
Lovers
Dream of the Lover

f. 5
Dream of the Lover
Dream of the Lover

f. 5
Dream of the Lover
 
Marginalia

f. 5
Marginalia
Hayne looking askance at the Dreamer

f. 5v
Hayne looking askance at the Dreamer
Hayne looking askance at the Dreamer

f. 5v
Hayne looking askance at the Dreamer
 
Vilenie and Convoitise

f. 6
Vilenie and Convoitise
Vilenie

f. 6
Vilenie
Convoitise

f. 6
Convoitise
 
Avarice and Envy

f. 6v
Avarice and Envy
Tristece

f. 7
Tristece
Tristece

f. 7
Tristece
 
Vielesce

f. 7v
Vielesce
Vielesce

f. 7v
Vielesce
Papelardie and Povrete

f. 8
Papelardie and Povrete
 
Papelardie

f. 8
Papelardie
Povrete

f. 8
Povrete
Oiseuse admitting the Lover

f. 9
Oiseuse admitting the Lover
 
Oiseuse admitting the Lover

f. 9
Oiseuse admitting the Lover
Deduiz

f. 10v
Deduiz
Deduiz

f. 10v
Deduiz
 
Narcissus at the fountain

f. 14v
Narcissus at the fountain
Narcissus at the fountain

f. 14v
Narcissus at the fountain
Amors shooting the Lover

f. 16
Amors shooting the Lover
 
Amors shooting the Lover

f. 16
Amors shooting the Lover
Diex d'Amors taking hold of the Lover

f. 17v
Diex d'Amors taking hold of the Lover
Diex d'Amors taking hold of the Lover

f. 17v
Diex d'Amors taking hold of the Lover
 
Honte and Peor rousing Dangier

f. 29
Honte and Peor rousing Dangier
Honte and Peor rousing Dangier

f. 29
Honte and Peor rousing Dangier
Bel Acueil in prison

f. 31v
Bel Acueil in prison
 
Bel Acueil in prison

f. 31v
Bel Acueil in prison
Lover talking to Amis

f. 51v
Lover talking to Amis
Lover talking to Amis

f. 51v
Lover talking to Amis
 
Faussemblant, Contrainte Atenance, and another speaking to Male Bouche

f. 83
Faussemblant, Contrainte Atenance, and another speaking to Male Bouche
Faussemblant, Contrainte Atenance, and another speaking to Male Bouche

f. 83
Faussemblant, Contrainte Atenance, and another speaking to Male Bouche
Franchise and Dangier

f. 103
Franchise and Dangier
 
Franchise and Dangier

f. 103
Franchise and Dangier
Pygmalion kneeling before the statue

f. 138v
Pygmalion kneeling before the statue
Pygmalion kneeling before the statue

f. 138v
Pygmalion kneeling before the statue
 
Venus setting fire to the castle

f. 141v
Venus setting fire to the castle
Venus setting fire to the castle

f. 141v
Venus setting fire to the castle

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