This 360-degree panorama of Delhi spans nearly five metres. It was produced by the Indian artist Mazhar Ali Khan, possibly for Sir Thomas Metcalfe (1795–1853) of the East India Company. Khan’s panorama is particularly important as a picture of the city before much of it was demolished in the Siege of Delhi (1857).
From a vantage point on top of Lahore Gate, the panorama proceeds from the left in a clockwise direction. The first three sheets show buildings of the Red Fort, residence of the Mughal Emperors for nearly 200 years. The fourth sheet is focussed on the Jama Masjid (mosque) and the fifth on Chandni Chowk market. Each building is labelled and corresponds to Persian and transliterated Urdu inscriptions written below the panorama.
Mazher Ali Khan belonged to a family of Mughal court painters, and was primarily an architectural draughtsman.
- Full title:
- A Panorama of Delhi taken from the top of the Lahore Gate of the Red Fort, Delhi
- Watercolour / Bodycolour / View
- Mazhar Ali Khan
- © British Library
- Usage terms
- Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial licence
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- British Library
- Add. Or. 4126
- Article by:
- Rosie Dias
- Military and maritime
The East India Company produced thousands of views that helped to consolidate its authority over much of south Asia in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Rosie Dias discovers some examples from the British Library's India Office collections.