Isabella Beeton published her first book on household management in 1861, when she was only 25. Due to it's huge success, this is a later edition was published in 1877.
Beeton's every-day cookery and housekeeping was catering for the increasingly frenetic lifestyle of an expanding middle class. Many of Mrs Beeton's readers will have been entering into a new way of life, having recently stepped up the social scale, and the book offers all sorts of essential advice: how to choose friends and acquaintances; how to dress; how to receive morning calls, or to seat guests at the dinner table. However, Isabella made it plain that the mistress of the house was not expected to dirty her hands – the majority of Isabella's instructions are designed to be carried out by servants. The book contains meticulously detailed advice on the duties of a wide variety of staff – cooks, dairy maids, nurse maids, valets, lady's-maids, footmen and the like – all of whom would have been expected to operate under the watchful command of their employer.