The first theatre at Sadler’s Wells was built in the late 17th century, since when six successive theatres for the performing arts have occupied the site. Located in the then relatively rural surrounds of Clerkenwell on the outer fringes of the City, the first theatre owed its origins to the popularity of nearby health-giving springs and pleasure gardens, which quickly became notorious for the relatively poor patrons that visited. In the early years of the 18th century, Sadler’s Wells maintained a reputation for the bawdy nature of its performances and the debauchery among the people who came to be entertained there, though in its later years the playhouse was associated with a more respectable ‘small middle class’.
The image shown here depicts the theatre in the early 19th century, at a time when the theatrical business was booming. In the 1780s German tourist Sophie Van La Roche described a visit to Sadler’s Wells in colourful detail. Over an astonishing three-hour performance she witnessed nine different acts, including ballet, comedy, a pantomime, rope-walking and even a strong man, while the audience around her partook of drinks, pasties and sandwiches while noisily enjoying the performance.
Background to the Microcosm of London collection of prints
The Microcosm of London was published in three volumes between 1808 and 1810 as a result of an ongoing collaboration between publisher Rudolph Ackermann, cartoonist and illustrator Thomas Rowlandson and architectural draughtsman Auguste Charles Pugin (father of the famous architect). The image shown here was first issued as a loose leaf number that was collated later into separate volumes, all of which proved highly successful as a commercial publishing enterprise.
The Microcosm of London tapped into the demand for highly coloured prints of real-life subjects that proved to be something of a publishing sensation during the Regency period. As such, the prints stand as a fascinating historical record of London life in the early years of the 19th century. While Pugin’s fine architectural drawings capture the size and shape of the capital’s principal buildings (both externally and from within), Thomas Rowlandson’s keenly observed figures depict the sheer colour and vitality of late Georgian society, rich and poor alike.
- Full title:
- Sadler's Wells Theatre from Microcosm of London
- 1808-10, London
- Book / Illustration / Image
- Rudolph Ackermann, W H Pyne, William Combe, Augustus Pugin, Thomas Rowlandson
- Usage terms
- Public Domain
- Held by
- British Library
- Article by:
- Matthew White
- Georgian society, Theatre and entertainment
Matthew White examines the variety of entertainment and leisure activities enjoyed in Georgian Britain.
- Article by:
- Liza Picard
From music halls and waxworks to freak shows and pleasure gardens, Liza Picard looks at the variety of popular entertainment available in the 19th century.
- Article by:
- Jacky Bratton
- Popular culture
At the beginning of the 19th century, there were only two main theatres in London. Emeritus Professor Jacky Bratton traces the development of theatre throughout the century, exploring the proliferation of venues, forms and writers.