The serio-comic political cartoon map of Europe was designed by Frederick Rose and published in 1900. The Russian Empire is depicted as an octopus with the face of Nikolai II, the last Emperor of Russia, with tentacles spreading across the continent strangling Poland, China and Persia.
England and Scotland are portrayed as John Bull sitting on shells labelled with their destinations: Canada, Australia, South Africa and India, attacked by two ferocious cats marked 'Orange Free State' and 'Transvaal'.
The map contains a reference panel explaining the characteristics of each country, while a Key Map of Europe is inserted at the top right of the sheet.
- Article by:
- Tom Harper
- Popular culture, War
Objective geographical representation isn’t always the intention of maps – they can also provide social, economic or political commentary on a region, as British Library maps curator, Tom Harper discusses.