The first stamps of New South Wales, known to collectors as 'Sydney Views', were issued in 1850 in one penny, two pence, and three pence values. The central design is based upon the Great Seal of the Colony and shows a view of the city of Sydney, with seated ‘Industry’ releasing convicts from their fetters, and pointing to a figure ploughing in the background. The motto Sic fortis Etruria crevit means Thus mighty Eturia grew and is a quotation taken from the work of the Roman poet Virgil.
Shown here are the unique original essays for the 1d and 3d stamps. The space in-between was originally occupied by a similar essay for the 2d, which is now in The Royal Philatelic Collection.