Philippe de Thaon, Comput

Description

The earliest named French author, Philippe de Thaon, was active in the first half of the 12th century. In this volume are two scientific works by him: the Comput (Computation), a verse summary of how to calculate the medieval calendar, and the Bestiaire (Bestiary), a medieval book of beasts with Christian allegories, based on the Latin Physiologus. The latter was dedicated to Adeliza of Louvain (b. c. 1103, d. 1151), second wife of King Henry I of England. This copy is from Holme Cultram Abbey, a Cistercian house in Cumbria, and it is copied in Anglo-Norman, the French dialect of England. In the Bestiary, the scribe has left spaces for illustrations, some with labels, but they remain blank apart from a few very faint sketches.

This manuscript was digitised with the support of The Polonsky Foundation.

Full title:
Philippe de Thaon, Comput
Created:
2nd half of the 12th century, Abbeytown
Format:
Manuscript
Language:
Latin / Anglo Norman
Creator:
Philippe de Thaon
Usage terms

Public Domain in most countries other than the UK.

Held by
British Library
Shelfmark:
Cotton MS Nero A V

Full catalogue details

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The French language before 1200

Article by:
Hannah Morcos
Theme:
History and learning

Hannah Morcos looks at how the vernacular of northern France evolved from a regional spoken language to a cross-European written medium between the 8th and 12th centuries.