This Sikh manuscript was the personal prayer book of the Maharani. It was prepared between 1828 and 1830 for Rani Jindan Kaur (c.1817–63), a younger wife of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780–1839) and mother of Dalip Singh (reg.1843–49). It consists of three compositions from the Guru Granth Sahib: Guru Nanak's Sidh Gosti, followed by Bavan Akhari and Sukhmani by Guru Arjan (1563–1606). Since the 'Adi Granth' is so large, it was usual to make manuscript selections for private devotion.
Each hymn begins with a full-page coloured illustration, and is beautifully written in Gurmukhi with white letters and embellishments on a black background.
The opening shown here (digitised image 1) is the beginning of Guru Nanak's Sidh Gosti. The illustration depicts Guru Nanak as a young man, disputing with the Sidhs. In the second image displayed here illustrates Guru Nanak with Mardana and Bala.
Guru Nanak was the founder of Sikhism and the first of the 10 Sikh Gurus. Their teachings are compiled in the Adi Granth or the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism and the final Sikh Guru. It is always placed in the centre of the Gurdwara (place of worship), on a raised platform, and is treated with the greatest respect by all Sikhs.