This 1869 edition of the Rig Veda Samhita by Friedrich Max Müller is one of the earliest English translation of the Rig Veda hymns.
Why is this important?
The Rig Veda, the oldest of the four Vedas, is a collection of 1028 poetic hymns divided in ten books.
The interest in the study of the Vedas in the West began in the 17th century, however it was only in the early 19th century that the first translations were published.
Friedrich Max Müller was one of the pioneers of Vedic studies in Europe, along with Friedrich August Rosen, Henry Thomas Colebrooke, Horace Hayman Wilson and others.
This book based on a birch bark manuscript version held at the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute in Pune, presents a transliterated version of the hymns (i.e. wherein the Vedic text is rendered phonetically in roman script), the English translation and a commentary.