The earliest Baha’i publication


The Kitāb-i Īqān (‘Book of Certitude’), by Baha’u’llah.

Who was Baha’u’llah?

Mirza Husayn ‘Ali Nuri (1817–1892), known as Baha’u’llah, was the founder of the Baha’i faith. Born in Tehran into a prominent family of court officials, he rejected the life of a courtier and instead joined the Babi movement from which he developed his own religion.

The Book of Certitude

The Kitāb-i Īqān (‘Book of Certitude’) is one of Baha’u’llah’s major works dating from the early 1860s while he was exiled in Baghdad, but before he openly announced his claim to be the promised one of all religions. It became probably the most copied, widely circulated and influential of all Baha’i works.

Baha’i books were printed in India from about 1882 onwards at Baha’u’llah’s direction. Shown here is the opening of what is believed to be the earliest publication of a Baha’i book, a lithograph of Kitāb-i Īqān (‘Book of Certitude’), which was published in India around 1882. After 1892, the publication of Baha’i books shifted to Egypt, which was a major hub for publishing in the Middle East at the time.

Full title:
Kitāb-i Īqān (Book of Certitude) by Baha’u’llah
c. 1882
Printed book
Bahá’u’llah, Mirza Husayn ‘Ali Nuri
Usage terms

Public Domain. Please consider cultural, religious & ethical sensitivities when re-using this material.

Held by
British Library

Full catalogue details

Related articles

Baha’i sacred texts

Article by:
Moojan Momen
Sacred texts, The Baha’i Faith

The Baha’i Faith is a scriptural religion. Dr Moojan Momen explains the Baha’i beliefs about sacred texts and prophets, the transmission and distribution of their scripture and its role in the community.

An introduction to the Baha’i Faith

Article by:
Peter Smith
The Baha’i Faith

Peter Smith looks at the central features of the Baha’i Faith, including its history, and the key beliefs, organisation and world-view of the Baha’i community.

Central figures of the Baha’i Faith

Article by:
Moojan Momen
The Baha’i Faith

Dr Moojan Momen explores life of the founder of the Baha’i Faith, as well as the lives of his forerunner and successor. He delves into the key events concerning their beliefs and teachings and reflects on their legacy.

Related collection items