Dressmaking, millinery and needlework were flourishing occupations for women by the mid-19th century. As this thorough and practical guide begins, there are ‘two principal ways by which a woman may earn her bread, - by Service and by the needle’.
Published in 1843, this slim book provided young women with a variety of advice for entering into the profession, including an overview of fashion over the past 2000 years. It also contains a delicately worded moralistic ‘warning’ against romantic or sexual ‘temptation’, writing that ‘many thousands of girls, employed as you are, have fallen into guilt, misery, and the grave’.
- Article by:
- Emma Griffin
- Childhood and children's literature
Industrialisation led to a dramatic increase in child labour. Professor Emma Griffin explores the dangerous, exhausting work undertaken by children in factories and mines, and the literary responses of writers including Charles Dickens and Elizabeth Barrett Browning.