The Monument


This view of the Monument to the Great Fire of London, from the King's Topographical Collection, was drawn and engraved by Sutton Nicholls (fl. 1680–1740).

The Monument, designed by Sir Christopher Wren (1632–1723), is a large Doric column, complete with a viewing platform and an urn of gold and copper flames at its pinnacle. Seen from Fish Hill Street to the west of the Monument, Caius Gabriel Cibber’s large relief sculpture – Allegory of the Great Fire of London  – is rendered in detail at the base of the column. In all, the Monument measures 202 feet (61.5 metres), which is also the exact distance that it stands from the spot in Pudding Lane where the Great Fire started in 1666.

Full title:
THE MONUMENT. / Sutton Nicholls sculp.
between 1725 and 1728
Print / Etching / Engraving
Sutton Nicholls
Usage terms
Public Domain
Held by
British Library
Maps K.Top.24.16.c.

Full catalogue details

Related articles

William Hogarth’s 'The South Sea Scheme' and the topography of speculative finance

Article by:
Clare Walcot
Transforming topography, Town and city

Clare Walcot explores the significance of the London landmarks depicted by William Hogarth in his printed satires on speculative finance

Related collection items